Current Issues


  • A Comparative Study of Gender Roles in Tea Sector in Embu and Murang’a Counties, Kenya: A Case Study of Smallholder Tea Farmers

    Men and women perform different roles within the household and in agricultural sector. However, women’s roles are more strenuous and more pronounced and they work extra hours in providing the much needed labour on the tea farms than the men counterpart. But in spite of women’s much involvement in agricultural sector, they undergo discrimination in all aspects not only related to land ownership but also kept out when it comes to control and access to the benefits accrued from tea farming. This study therefore sought to determine gender roles in tea production in Embu and Murang’a counties and also to assess the accessibility and control over the benefits accrued from tea farming by gender. Stratified random sampling; simple random sampling and Purposive sampling techniques were used to sample 276 respondents from estimated target population of 18,000 tea growers from the two counties under study. The study established that women perform more roles in tea plantation than their male counterparts. The findings clearly demonstrated that the most tedious and difficult roles that took long hours to accomplish were assigned to the women for instance, the plucking of tea, taking green leaves to the buying centre and collecting/receiving pay slips from the factory or buying centre was majorly done by the women but it’s men who goes to the bank to earn bonus and monthly payments for the work didn’t participate and also  attending annual general meetings (AGMs) or any meetings at the factory or buying centre and even organized educational forums and surveys since they knew that at the end of it they would either receive certificate of participation and more importantly sitting allowance. The finding further revealed that, men were assigned themselves roles that lighter duties that might require bit of skills such as pruning of tea bushes and nursery establishment. On the other hand women are unable to attend the forums or meetings because of numerous roles waiting for them ranging from household chores to agricultural production. Although conflicts have been in arise over the control of proceeds of tea sales because men receive the benefits and women who worked for them do not seem to benefit much, this gender discrimination had negatively affected tea production and by extension resulted in decline of tea yields and neglected tea bush. This study recommends that Kenya tea development agency to increase its sensitization forums and conducts regular workshops to educate the tea growers on gender balance in regards to distribution of proceeds from tea sales, access to and control over tea benefits. This could not only help to empower and motivate women but also demystify the gender stereotypes that men have about women and therefore eliminate gender discrimination in tea growing communities. […]

  • The Performance of Area, Production and Productivity of Pulses in Andhra Pradesh (With Reference to 13 Districts of Andhra Pradesh)

    Former Prime Minister Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri had given slogan of “ Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan”, Now the  Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi call to farmers to fill the granaries of nation, the farmers left no stone unturned to live up to his aspirations. He appeal each and every farmer , if they have five acre field, then use at least one acre land for cultivation of pulses and legumes so that India need not import it and  pulses, which are basic source of protein are available to the poor at affordable price. In Andhra Pradesh (13 districts) the area under pulses is 13, 73,544 hectares in 2010-11 which accounted for 23.62 per cent in total food crops area, whereas the same in 2014-15 is 10,42,300 hectares which accounted for 20.03 per cent of total food crops area. Under the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) pulses being implemented in all the 13 districts of the state. An amount of Rs. 2378.04 lakhs was spent under NFSM- pulses up to 15-11-2015. An intensive analysis of data, the compound annual growth rates are very meager for area, production and productivity of pulses in Andhra Pradesh. The area, production and productivity growth rates of pulses are 0.0039, 0.026 and 0.022 respectively. The change in the growth rate of area was completely decelerated in all three periods (i.e. original, 3MA and 5MA). The same trend exhibits in production in original series. The main source of pulses growth due to yield. It is the time for the policy makers and government to concentrate on pulses production through spreading it  to irrigated areas. […]

  • Operation of Local Government Transparency in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

    Transparency in South Sulawesi Provincial Government has been applied in efforts to achieve good governance. The problems of this research are; (1) how to transparency in local governance, (2) what factors inhibiting transparency in local governance, and (3) what is the right strategy is used in implementing the transparency of the regional administration. This study aims to: 1) describe the transparency in local governance, 2) analyze the factors that become an obstacle to transparency in local governance, and 3) to apply the right strategy in the transparency of the regional administration. The study found that transparency in governance has been run as expected in the areas of budget, staffing, procurement of goods and services. Human resources mentality of corruption, overlapping rules, the financial system is weak, weak law enforcement and a tolerant society are all factors that become an obstacle to transparency in local governance. Transparency strategy is appropriate intensive use in implementing the transparency of the regional administration. Through this model of good governance transparency can be realized as a solution to overcome the problems of the dynamics of government activity that is not transparent and minimize the factors inhibiting the realization of good governance transparency. […]

  • An Application of Logic in Everyday Life

    This is an action research on “An Application of Logic in Everyday Life”. Logic is an important area of study which can be applied in our day to day life activities. So it is fair enough to do an action research on an application of logical. Action research is known by many other names such as participatory research, collaborative inquiry, emancipatory research, action learning, and contextual action research. But all these kinds are variations on a theme. In other words, we can simply say that action research is “learning by doing.” A group of people identify a problem, do something to resolve it, see how successful their efforts were, and if not satisfied, try again. Prof Kurt Lewin, a German psychologist, first coined the term ‘action research’ in his paper entitled, “Action Research and Minority Problems”, published in 1946(  Jagadish, 2012, p.108). Lewin is therefore known as the father of action research.&nbs […]

  • Disaster Profile of India: A Theoretical Understanding of Regional and Seasonal Perspective

    India’s unique geo-climatic position makes India particularly vulnerable to natural disasters. The regional and seasonal profile of India has been presented in this paper. The main objective of this paper is to illustrate and explain the basic understanding of various natural disasters happening in various parts of India. In this paper regional profile of India is taken into consideration wherein stress has been given on various disasters happening all over the country as per geographical location of the area. Author also explains seasonal profile of India in which focus is given on the various seasons and disasters associated with each seasonal cycle. […]

  • Strategic Green HRM – The Integration of Environmental Management into HRM with reference to one of the Healthcare Industry

    This paper studies one of the healthcare industry of India “Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Limited” which is ranked at 352 amongst the world’s largest 500 companies on corporate sustainability and environmental impact according to Newsweek in 2016. Sun Pharmaceutical Industries limited is the only company in the healthcare sector in India which has been listed as one of the Green companies in India. This paper mainly focuses on understanding and analysing the Green initiatives as a part of Corporate social responsibility (CSR) taken by the company which makes it the green company in India in Healthcare sector. The green scores of the company has also increased by 4% compared to the previous year (2015), which shows that the company is always striving to incorporate strategic Green HRM. Strategic Green HRM is one of the growing innovative approaches which promotes the sustainable use of resources of the business organisation and thus integrates environmental management into HRM. […]

  • Abject Poverty and Multiple Deprivations in Rural India Based on SECC 2011 in Comparison with NSSO and NFHS: Summary Findings Analyzed

    This paper analyzes latest findings from the recently completed Socio Economic and Caste Census 2011(SECC2011), by focusing on rural abject poverty and multi-dimensionality of it by the pre-set seven deprivation parameters across rural India .As per schema of SECC2011 for analyzing the various facets of multi-dimensional poverty, firstly one set of households will be excluded on the basis of 13 automatic exclusion parameters, and subsequently another set of households will be automatically included on the basis of five parameters and finally the remaining set would be subjected to verifications by seven deprivations.  Thereby, the SECC 2011 had set in motion an effort to capture some specifics of multidimensional poverty as desired by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) in the Government of India.  It is surmised here that the union of automatically included and deprived households will provide a base line of the number of poor through a multi-dimensional mode. The intersection of automatically included households with the seven deprivations variables will also identify the socio economic characteristics of the   abjectly poor. Besides presenting the above analysis of SECC data, an attempt is made to compare these findings with those based on the unidimensional National Sample Survey (NSSO) poverty ratios ( by S.Tendulker 2009, C Rangarajan 2012) and multi-dimensional (R. Radhakrishna et al 2010) NFHS data based studies.  A separate set of multi-dimensional poverty numbers were arrived at in the past  for three Five Year Plans (1992-97, 1997- 02, 2002-07) through the Below Poverty Line (BPL) Censuses that were under taken by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) to identify the poor households through  the State/UT Governments. These later estimates of poor households were never permitted to exceed the official poverty ratio worked out by the Planning Commission for respective State/UT governments. The concepts used to arrive at these poor households will be briefly reviewed here as a prelude to explaining the modes operandi of identifying multi dimensional poverty via SECC 2011. A committee was set in up in February  2013 under the Chairmanship of Abhijit Sen , then Planning Commission Member, to examine the SECC indicators for data analysis, to recommend appropriate methodologies for determining classes of beneficiaries for different rural development programmes. Some of the recommendations of the committee would also be put to scrutiny.&nbs […]

  • Financial Inclusion-Role of Payment Banks in India

    Opening of new branch in every village is uneconomical for any traditional bank. Transactions through mobile phones may cover a low cost platform for basic banking services to every rural or urban citizen. India’s domestic remittance market is more than Rs. 900 Billions. The payment banks play a vital role in implementing the government’s direct benefit transfer scheme, where subsidies on healthcare, education and gas are paid directly to beneficiaries’ accounts. Keeping in mind the government's unwavered digital drive target, customers shifting from cash transactions to operating their accounts on their mobile phone, this paper discusses the objectives of primary banks, its history and services rendered by it. This paper also focuses on m-Banking, the Department of Posts, Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana and the India Post Payments Banks. […]

  • Contribution of Top Management of Business Organization in Promoting Social Harmony

    Management is the process of reaching organizational goals by working with people and other resources. Or knowing what you want people to do, and then getting them to do it the best way. Management is not only practiced in organization and business entities, but management plays an important role in our daily lives and is practiced by every individual is some or the other way. Management is a continuing process, and managers are always involved in it. It helps them to accomplish their objectives. Man is a social being. But within each social group there may be heterogeneous traits and features. So each organization can be thought of as pluralistic and need social harmony for peaceful co-existence. Management can contribute towards social harmony by building- up cordial industrial relationships, ensuring better life and welfare to employee’s increasing employees’ participation over decisions within the workplace. Consequently, employees will take more interest and initiative in the work assigned. They will feel that they are the vital element of the organization and the organization belongs to them. This will generate the sense of belongingness and loyalty towards the organization. The peaceful co-existence of people from different levels of management can create pleasant and harmonious atmosphere in the organization. The purpose of the study is to investigate how the strong and efficient top level management of the organization can contribute in encouraging social harmony in the workplace. The paper took into account the positive strategies adopted by top management for promoting social harmony in the organization and its implication on the employees, productivity and the economy of the organization. The research methodology is based on the secondary data which include compilation of research article of the experts in the field and the reflections of the essays and article published in the websites. The approach of the study is exploratory in nature. […]

  • Capacity Building through Nature Tourism at Southeast Rajasthan

    Rajasthan is known for its forts, palaces, desert, culture and also its flora and fauna. The tourism department focuses its policies and marketing strategies around these attractions. Tourists from all over the world visit the sanctuary and surroundings to experience and explore the natural beauty of the place.The present paper presents the natural wealth of south east region of the state which is completely unexplored by the tourists and the tourism department. The region is travelled only by the explorers and adventurers. The researcher visited all these sites and explored the natural beauty for tourism development at this region. Under this paper the researcher developed a model for capacity building through tourism development of natural sites of a region. […]

  • Talent Acquisition: It’s evolving Pattern

    It is rightly said that “Change is the only CONSTANT thing in the world”, rightly so human beings or rather HUMAN RESOURCES are continuously evolving with respect to time.  Employees of the organization  are termed as Talent’s and every organization  is having a deep urge to acquire the best of the best talents for their organization .With the emergence of new trends and the introduction of new tools, the talent acquisition process is dynamically  evolving. Talent acquisition has emerged as a key business imperative for organization s for its role in sourcing the right talent to ensure long term growth. It is now a long term strategy for organizations and HR functions for their role in driving the overall success and the profitability of the organization.Through profound literature review, this paper presents information regarding the building of an effective talent acquisition strategy in order to face challenging economic conditions. It mentions the analysis of recruitment trends, marketing strategies and web-based recruitments. It highlights the key challenges involved in Talent Acquisition and also suggests means develop new strategies to keep up with the evolving challenge. […]

  • Insurgency in Nigeria: The Real Test of Nationhood

    The Boko Haram and the Niger Delta militancy today remain unarguably the greatest security threats to the corporate existence of the Nigerian state and her development. At the root of these insurgencies are socio-economic, ethno-political and religious challenges which are actually bye-products of a dysfunctional system. This research work examines the issues and challenges as it relates to the real test of Nigeria’s nationhood. The research work made use of content analysis through the use of books, newspapers, journal publications and available sources from the internet library. This is to give a deeper understanding of the issues that surround insurgency in Nigeria with a view of proffering solutions. The findings of this research work revealed that, lack of employment and equal opportunities especially for the youths of the minority tribes who make up the people of the Niger Delta region are seen as the root cause of agitations.  Also, the findings disclosed poor and ineffective governance as responsible for the increased social and political uncertainties, rigidity and institutional failure. Issues such as religion, ethnicity, and regional sentiments were the real problems behind the violent conflict in Nigeria. […]

  • Perspectives of Decentralized Powerloom Industry in India- An Empirical Analysis

    Decentralized powerloom sector in Indi has always occupied a prominent place in the economic spheres of India. Present study pertains to the decentralized powerloom sector in India and its various dimensions. The data obtained from various reliable sources such as ministry of textiles, fibre2fashion, powerloom development and export promotion council and RBI reports were subjected to time series analysis and regression analysis. The results indicated there is an upward trend towards growth in terms of employment generation and production. The results pointed towards the decentralized sectors’ enormous potential to generate employment to both skilled and unskilled human resource in the country. The regression analysis showed a positive relation between the sector and GDP. In the light of the potentiality of the sector, suggestions have been put forth for harnessing the potential of the sector and make aid the country to be the most preferred source for clothing needs of the world. […]

  • Conflict Management in the Present Scenario

    Conflict is a very common word in our daily life. There is no place where there are no conflicts. We not only have conflicts with other people we even have conflicts with ourselves. So a quite common phenomenon which if not dealt properly will result in the downfall of oneself, group, organization or a whole nation. The organizational productivity will be affected as conflicts result in reduction of individual productivity. The employees are facing problem in dealing with the day to day conflicts. Thus the conflict management is a much discussed topic in the present scenario. The organizations should develop the strategies like appointing arbitragers, establishing communication channels etc.&nbs […]

  • Women Workers in Agricultural Sector: A Literature Review

    For any research, literature review is an essential part as it helps in identifying the area of research. Agriculture is the main source of sustenance for both developing and under developed countries.  In countries like India, women’s position is not as strong as men both economically and socially and she faces more constraints than men. They cannot relocate easily. Women in rural areas have to manage multiple activities like maintaining home, making food, arranging water etc. and they are working in farms also. So, they are living hard life. All the activities performed by rural women is essential for the well-being of the rural households, still they are not defined as ‘economically active employment’ in national accounts. In India, 24 percent to total workers work as female cultivators and 41.1 percent to total workers work as female agricultural labourers. Past studies also relieved that because of less education, unawareness about the laws, poverty and gender discrimination, women workers face many problems. Also, few studies show that in some parts of the nation women workers are being paid less than the male workers. This Paper reviews past research studies to highlight the role and position of women workers in agricultural sector.&nbs […]

  • Impact Assessment of Leadership Style on Job Satisfaction of NGO Employees in Uttarakhand-India

    Leadership styles in recent studies have been debated significantly but their role in contributing job satisfaction of employees have not been addressed by the researchers. Therefore, a study was conducted to assess the impact of leadership styles on job satisfaction of employees in the two NGO’s (Non Government Organisations) HIFEED and HESCO from Uttarakhand through an empirical study. NGO’s in India involve diverse activities ranging from training facilities and independent trainers providing non-formal education, grant-making organizations, community development organizations, microfinance associations, self-help groups, and organization addressing public health. In the study, leadership styles were studied as participative, supportive and instrumental. Results show that supportive style of leadership was predominantly followed by managers. Participative leadership style positively impacts job satisfaction followed by supportive style of leadership. But instrumental leadership style was found to have a negative impact on the job satisfaction of employees.&nbs […]


  • Energy Consumption with Fountain Codes and Clustering in Wireless Sensor Networks: Survey & Analysis‎

    Energy is the most important and crucial issue in the wireless sensor networks since the entire sensor nodes are battery powered devices. As a result, energy efficiency and prolonging network lifetime are a challenge. In order to increase the lifetime of the battery-based sensing nodes, it is essential to minimize the consumed energy in the sensing process. With this objective, specific erasure codes called fountain codes are introduced. Fountain codes' performances can be further improved if they are merged with the strategy of grouping sensor nodes into clusters. In order to reach the energy minimization and network lifetime prolonging, the first step, is to completely know the sources of energy consumption. In this paper, sources of energy consumption with various techniques used have been studied and investigated. Furthermore, a survey has been provided for the energy consumption model by using these two techniques.&nbs […]


  • The Theory of Investment in Schooling

    The aim of this article is to bring an additional source of countries heterogeneity in the growth literature focused on knowledge accumulation. We find that, the observed heterogeneity in development levels among countries come mostly from income heterogeneities among families as the resulting effect of supplementary investment in schooling provided by parents since the high school. The productivity generated induces the firms’ profits increase through technology better comprehension, thus increases the country’s economic growth. Therefore, embodied knowledge is a process composed of two steps which are: schooling investment or ex-ante knowledge, first and human capital or ex-post knowledge after, thus are crucial unemployment reduction mechanisms. […]

  • Learning of Mathematical Concepts in Relation to Spatial Ability and Problem Solving Skills among Secondary School Pupils

    Mathematics with all its branches plays an important role in everyday life. It is created to investigate the whole range of knowledge. Learning mathematics is basically a constructive process, which means that pupils gather, discover, create mathematical knowledge and skills mainly in the course of some social activity that has purpose consequently mathematics classroom instruction should move away from the information transmission model. Meaningful and authentic context should play a crucial role in mathematics learning and teaching, therefore, we need an integrated approach to mathematics teaching.Problem solving is an integral part of developmental activities and provides opportunities for children to practice what they have learned by applying their learning situations. The amount of practice needed by any learner is reduced if he understands the concepts and skills to be practiced. How can we make our students good problem solvers in mathematics? This is possible only when we make mathematics education more meaningful and interesting. Mathematical abilities like logical thinking, rational reasoning, concentration of mind, orderly presentation, precision and accuracy, analytical and inductive skills, and above all general problem solving abilities. So the present study is intended to learning of mathematical concepts in relation to problem solving skills among secondary school pupils. […]

  • Impact of MGNREGA on Tribal Migration in Sarenga Development Block

    Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme is one of the most important and largest public programme in India.  The main objective of this programme is to provide 100 days of assured employment to rural household and to create sustainable asset. In this paper we have studied the secondary objective of MGNREGA that is to reduce migration and creation of sustainable asset in light of tribal perspective.  In this paper we work in migration data for July 2007 to June 2008 NSSO & Census of India, 2011 data. By our analysis we find that Migration is a complex process, it is not always done due to poverty and desperate situation, but complex factors (facilities, education). People especially tribals are migrating due to lack of adequate agricultural land, inadequate agricultural production, less irrigation facilities, and acute water scarcity and stringent enforcement of Forest Laws before implantation of Forest Act. At the macro level analysis, correlation between migration and MGNREGA is very weak. From the literature as well as supported by the micro-assessment, MGNREGA is helping poor and weaker section of the community by providing employment at critical period of a year (seasonal migration). In principal, MGNREGA can help to reduce temporary migration but is ineffective in long period, when several factors would change together. […]

  • The Art of Fear Management for the Betterment of Success

    Fear is common in humans as well as in animals, it stays somewhere in the 5th sense of mind which is been stimulated by hormones and cells of the brain, hence brain is the vital tool that generates the fear. Literary meaning for fear is stated as an alert by our brain about the occurrence of danger and predicament. Fear is a regular property of the people those who have desire for living, no age factor or maturity has got to do with it, it applies even to a just born child and to the people of old age.Fear is most common among the theist than the atheist, since faith is source to trigger the fear. The people those who don’t believe in the external force are less in numbers as a victim of fear.It has got a major role to play in one’s success, since the impact of fear will block one’s success and stops them to move forward. In this article I write about how to manage the fear within ourselves which I firmly believe will essentially lead us to unstoppable success. […]

  • Geriatric Burns- A Study- In a Tertiary Burn Care Centre

    With increased life span there is an increase in ageing population, who are brought for management of burn injuries to the tertiary burn centre in Government Kilpauk Medical College Hospital in Chennai, Tamilnadu. The special care needed in managing these patients have been analyzed and presented in this study. […]

  • Vocabulary Strategy Training- A Rational Study among Engineering Students

    The present study aims at identifying a specific set of strategies necessary for the enhancement of the vocabulary based on the needs survey. It also researches the effectiveness of strategy training course in improving students’ competence in English.&nbs […]

  • Individual and Contextual Factors Associated with Married Women’s HIV Status in India, National Family Health Survey- 3

    There are increasing concerns related to feminization of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in India especially its showing up among married women. Nuances of HIV related risk and vulnerability are myriad among them (married women) who are either oblivious to their partner’s risk behavior, unaware of their partners’ or own sero-status and often cannot negotiate safer sex. Dearth of evidence on HIV prevention programs indicating gendered outcomes further obscures the situation. National Family Health Survey- 3 data of India were reviewed to identify individual and familial correlates in their marital families, which might be associated with the HIV status among married women in India. Bivariate and regression methods were used. Findings indicated key factors which add to the vulnerability of married women’s risk-proneness to contract HIV. It calls for more socio-behavioral and implementation research addressing HIV transmission and prevention among married women in India, where typically the thrust has been mostly on HIV high risk populations like female sex workers, injecting drug users and men who have sex with men.&nbs […]

  • Promoting Self-Learning in Developing Communication Skills of Technical Students

    The importance of communication skills and its research is recognized throughout the world. Self learning is one such option to improve communication skills. The goal of the present study is discussing the significance of self learning and some of its tools in developing communication skills of technical students. At present self-learning is limited to which activities and skills and where and how can we extend and promote self learning in technical colleges is mentioned. These self learning tools include: reading, note taking, note making, conversation, watching educational videos, video recording, MALL, CALL, and socialization. The relevant literature support and researcher’s personal experience in different technical colleges is added. […]

  • An Investigation of Secondary Schools’ Readiness towards the Implementation of Life Skills Education: A Study of Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya

    Life skills education was introduced by the Kenya government to replace the HIV and AIDS education which was not positively perceived by its implementers. The purpose of this study was to investigate Secondary schools’ readiness towards the implementation of life skills education in Trans-Nzoia County. The main objectives were to determine teachers’ training on life skills education implementation in Trans-Nzoia County, to assess the availability of teaching and learning materials and infrastructure for the implementation of life skills education in Trans-Nzoia County, to evaluate teachers’ attitude towards the implementation of life skills education in secondary schools of Trans-Nzoia County, and to establish school management attitude towards the implementation of life skills education in secondary schools of Trans-Nzoia County. The study was guided by Work readiness theory by Catherine, Walker, Mathew and Cathy. This study employed concurrent triangulation study design with mixed methodology, where a target population of 2,234 teachers was studied. The study used concurrent sampling technique. Probability sampling with a simple random sample was used to sample thirty percent of schools. It further purposively sampled out thirty percent of secondary schools principals, deputy principals, guidance and counselling heads of department and teachers assigned to teach life skills who participated in the study. Instruments of data collection included interview schedule, observation guide and document analysis guide. A pilot study was carried out to establish the reliability of research instruments. Data was analyzed descriptively and thematically. The study was significant in contribution to the formulation of policies for life skills education in secondary schools, recognition of life skills education in the development of the nation by the stake holders, consideration of school management and teacher factors that are related to the teaching of life skills education by curriculum developers and also serve as a reference material to potential researchers in the related field of study. The findings of the study indicated inadequate training of teachers in life skills education, inadequate use of teaching learning materials, some element of unwillingness by teachers in the implementation of life skills education in secondary schools of Trans-Nzoia County. There was also inadequate supervision and support towards teachers by administrators towards the implementation of life skills education in Secondary schools of Trans-Nzoia County. The recommendations were that the government should put a policy in place as an affirmative action to train teachers in the implementation of life skills education. Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development should review the implementation programme in terms of time and curricular and nationally evaluate the subject.&nbs […]


  • The Versatile Use of the Latissimus Dorsi Muscle Flap in Electrical Burn Injuries

    Electricity is an indispensable part of civilization. It is often taken for granted, and can sometimes take away limbs, and at times, life. When a human being comes in contact with electricity, burns can ensue. These electrical burns are the most devastating of all thermal injuries on a size for size basis5 and involve skin and deeper tissues. 90% of electrical injuries are accidental and nearly two-thirds occur at the work spot. Young, working males are commonly affected with frequent amputation of dominant limbs. This paper analyses the different uses of the latissimus dorsi muscle flap in the reconstruction of electrical burn raw areas and in the salvage of the amputation stumps. […]

  • Assessment Results and Reflections of Some Eggplant Breeding Projects Performed in Turkey

    Eggplant is a widely grown species among the Solanaceous crops in both greenhouses and the open field, consumed throughout all the year, it is very popular in Turkey. Eggplant breeding programs were carried out for improving open pollinated varieties launched for the public sector in the earlier 1960’s. Many important open pollinated varieties which still maintains its importance today by the growers were developed. Hybrid eggplant breeding studies were first conducted at the Bati Akdeniz Agricultural Research Institute (BATEM) with the breeding project given support by the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock. Breeding studies focused on yield, fruit quality, and the development of long F1 hybrid varieties suitable for growing protected cultivation, parthenocarpy, and biotic (Fusarium and Verticillium) stress resistance/tolerance. Resistance sources of Fusarium ox. sp. melongenae and its inheritance against had been investigated and a genetic linkage map has been constructed. Several projects, supported by both public and private sectors, have been carried out for twenty years. As an outline of the projects, four F1 hybrids were developed and about 300 disease resistant inbred lines were transferred to special seed companies supporting the project financially. Additionally, a study was performed on morphologic and molecular characterization, and phylogenetic relationship of local genotypes. Also, considerable scientific publications were produced from these studies and shared by both scientists and breeders. […]

  • Epidemiological Analysis of Burns Patients with Pregnancy in a Tertiary Care Centre

    Burns during pregnancy is a serious threat to the life of the mother as well as the baby. Burns suffered during pregnancy is rare and can be a devastating injury. Burns during pregnancy can influence maternal as well as foetal outcome. It is also associated with various social and economic problems which complicate the rehabilitation. Keeping this in view, a comprehensive task was undertaken to assess the maternal and foetal outcome in relation to burns extent and gestation. […]