Current Issues


  • Predicting Sense of Coherence and Sense of Identity among Transgender People – Role of Perceived Social Stigma and Social Support

    Sense of coherence is a global orientation expressing a person's pervasive and enduring feeling of confidence. The term "identity" refers to the capacity for self-reflection and the awareness of self. Stigma refers to a mark or sign of some sort that is seen as disqualifying individuals from the full social acceptance of the society. Perceived social support refers to an individual’s belief that social support is available, is generally considered positive or negative and provides what is considered needed by that individual. The present study is a quantitative study which adopts a correlational design in which perceived social support & transgender identity stigma are the predictor variables, and sense of coherence and sense of identity among transgender people, are the criterion variables. Purposive and snowball sampling techniques were used to include 120 transgender people aged between 18 – 50 years from in and around the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. Analysis of results through stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that social support is a predictor of sense of coherence and its  dimensions – manageability and comprehensibility; and sense of identity. Perceived stigma was a significant predictor of comprehensibility while enacted stigma, predicted sense of coherence and comprehensibility. The application value of the study findings are high when it comes to formulating policies to improve the status of transgender community, taking into consideration their plight and the dearth of psychological research with this marginalised group. […]

  • Forts in Western Vidarbha

    Forts have played a prominent role in the military system of any Kingdom in Medieval Period. So the Bahmanis did much for military architecture as they had powerful enemies on all sides. Gawilgarh and Narnala are the significant forts of Bahmani Sultanate. These forts are regarded as the greatest and most abiding monuments and superior to European forts of the same period (Circa 1350-1500). Grawilgarh and Narnala in Berar are examples of engineering skill and architecture appropriate for mountain strong holds of good taste and lavish expenditure. Combined with elegant stone carving. The carving of the forts gate at Narnala and Gawilgarh are still in good preservation.             Balapur fort was a fair specimen of later Mughal architecture. The fort too was keeping in mind the town’s (Balapur) military responsibilities and position. Balapur hailed as an important military station during the times of the Mughals. Complex architecture used in the fort ensured its safety, as well as eased the discharge of missiles and other ammunition from within the fort rendering it one of the most impenetrable forts in vidarbha region.&nbs […]

  • Female Consumers – Factors Influencing the Retail Format Choice

    Female markets contribute an estimated $20 trillion in annual consumer spending worldwide. It is observed that with more women earning higher-education degrees than men and starting new businesses at a faster rate, women's earning power is growing faster than men's. In this scenario, there is an increasing need to identifying the requirements and needs of the female consumers as a separate segment for tapping the vast potential underlying the female markets. The present study aims to understand the female consumer spending patterns and the factors influencing the retail format choice. […]

  • Effect of Personality on Conflict Resolution Styles

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between personality and conflict handling styles. The study was conducted using a sample of 270 post graduate business students in the Chandigarh region. While NEO-FFI was used to measure the big five dimensions of personality, ROCI II was used to measure the scores of students on the five conflict handling styles. The findings show a strong relationship between the big five personality dimensions and the five conflict handling styles. […]

  • Recognizing Communication Skills as a Professional Tool

    Today’s corporate world has become an ultimate destination for every youth. Getting success in the profession is not only a dream but a determination for them. The reason behind this is rigorous competition and talents which are no less in the society. These jobs give high profile platform to employees. This also provides immediate growth opportunity and exposure to them so that the employees sharpen their skills and inherent qualities. Adequate knowledge about techniques and field related skills are must, but they are not sufficient. If an individual wants to sustain in this era he/she has to have strong communication skills. The increasing pressures and professional challenges widen the role of managers. Professional authorities in Multi National Companies always expect that their employees should possess efficiency and good communication skills. This paper highlights how communication skills take importance in making a professional successful in his/her career. Through this study it is shown that companies having employees with strong communication skills are more successful and their work environments are destinations for job seekers. […]

  • Exploring the Universality of Feminine Subjugation

    History is witness to the fact that women have been the objects of suppression and subjugation in the world. This oppression has been institutionalized in nearly all the societies of the world. The end result of this process of institutionalization has been the absence of women from the corridors of power, her absence from the fields of knowledge production, her absence in the histories of their places. The objective of this paper is to analyze the near universality of this feminine absence in history. What are the factors that led to this situation and how did feminity end up being valued as ‘inferior’ in comparison to ‘masculine’ attributes. This led to her existence being limited and defined by her corporal self. The end result is that one half of the population of the world had to live a miserable life till feminism emerged on the scene. This paper also traces the emergence of feminism as a reaction to this universality of feminine subjugation. The methodology adopted has been textual and literary analysis. […]

  • Conflict, Livelihood Security and Children in the Conflict Affected Kokrajhar District BTAD, Assam

    This paper is an attempt to investigate into the livelihood insecurity of the people living in conflict prone areas and its resultant impact on the overall wellbeing of the children of the area. It focuses mainly on two communities in Kokrajhar district of Assam i.e. the Bodos and the immigrant Muslims which have experienced series of conflicts in the recent decades. Generally the first priority in conflict prone areas is the immediate concern of the Government and Non Government actors is focused on the immediate loss of life and property. The sufferings of the survivors of conflict however go unnoticed. The survivors are the worst victim of conflict. The conflicts have led to mass displacement of people from both the communities forcing them to leave their homes and to live in makeshift camps. The victims living in the camps are deprived of basic human right to life and livelihood. Many of them are living in the relief camps for more than a decade, with no scope for education and skill development for getting a dignified livelihood opportunity. Even those who are not displaced or have returned to their villages lost their livelihood due to the breakdown of the civil infrastructure. The livelihood insecurity of the parents lead to serious child right violation in the conflict affected area. Several unwelcome consequences like child trafficking, child marriage, child labour can be seen in the area. this paper tries to capture the actual picture from the study area. […]

  • Financial Inclusion of Deprived Groups – A Study Conducted in Four Vulnerable Areas of Ernakulam District in Kerala

    Banking is an imperative force of Financial Inclusion.  Financial Inclusion is coined as a process that ensures the ease of admittance, availability and usage of the formal financial system for all members of an economy including the deprived groups living in our society.  This study mainly aims to assess the level of financial inclusion among the deprived groups who are living in Ernakulam Dt. Of Kerala State.  This research work also intends to know the consciousness of the respondents as regards the financial inclusion, and financial products and  services offered by banks.  This study implemented in four rural underdeveloped areas in Ernakulam District ie Kodanad, Kuttampuzha, Panagad and Chellanam. All these are highly backward areas in Ernakulam District. The respondents are selected at random from these areas.  Forty respondents are selected from each group at a total of 160 respondents.  The main tool used for collecting data is interview schedule.  The finishing part of the study reveals that the financial inclusion practices of this selected areas are acceptable. […]

  • A Pragmatic Approach to CSR Evaluation: A Comprehensive Framework

    Post Globalization Indian companies started making CSR a part of their Business strategy rather than merely restricting it to charity or philanthropy.  The most significant breakthrough in CSR took place in 2013 with the introduction of idea of ‘mandatory CSR’. With an enormous increase in the scope of CSR, the companies are struggling to align their organizational objectives with CSR goals. The companies are focusing on Stakeholder engagement, identifying implementation partners, capacity building, and effective project implementation. What is amiss is impetus on monitoring and evaluation of CSR activities. A number of CSR rating agencies have come up with their own indices, but they lack in adequate transparency on evaluation criteria and methodology. There is also inter-agency divergence with respect to company’s evaluation and ranking.  This paper proposes a comprehensive and realistic framework which can be implemented in the Indian context for evaluating the CSR activities. […]


  • Gesture Control of Robotic Arm

    Robots have become a key technology in various fields. Robotic arms are mostly remote controlled by buttons or panels and sometimes in batch process they are autonomous. The usage of panel boards or control sticks includes a lot of hardwiring and subject to malfunction.  It also induces some stress on the operators. Hence major chemical industries like cosmetic manufacturing, paint manufacturing and Biosynthesis laboratory etc., which deals with hazardous environment due to the chemicals and other bio substances, involve humans for the processing. The aim is to reduce the bulk of wiring in the robotic arms and reduce the effort and number of operators in controlling the robotic arm operations. To implement gestures into the process this would be a major breakthrough. This can also be used as pick & place robot, a cleaning robot in chemical industries where a human does not need to directly involved in the process of cleaning the chemicals and also for coating underground tanks. […]


  • Teachers Involvement in Creation of Awareness to Members of School Community on Inclusive Education Practice in Regular Primary Schools in Siaya County

    Inclusive education is a process that involves the transformation of regular schools to become accessible to all learners regardless of their diverse needs. Teachers’ involvement in this transformation is significant in sensitizing members of the school community to fully participate in inclusive education practices in their respective schools. Lack of awareness about inclusive education practices has been captured in the Kenya national special needs policy framework of 2009 as a common problem. Preliminary information indicates that there is low level of advocacy and lobbying among the regular teachers, parents, communities and ministry of education officials on inclusive education practices. Baseline information shows that 48(7.52%) regular schools in Siaya County still practice integration and learners enrolled in the special units hardly transit to mainstream classes. The rate at which learners with special needs access regular education in the county is equally very low. This is despite the presence of teachers with background training in inclusive education in the county.  The purpose of the study was to determine teachers’ involvement in awareness creation on inclusive education practices. Objectives of the study were to: -establish the methods teachers use to create awareness on inclusive education to members of the school communities; determine the frequency with which teachers created awareness among the members of the school communities and determine teachers’ involvement in awareness creation on inclusive education. Descriptive survey research design was used for the study. The population comprised of 216 teachers and 72 head teachers. Out of which 10% were used for piloting.  Saturated sampling technique was employed to select 194 teachers and 65 head teachers for the study.  Instruments for data collection included Questionnaires, Interview Schedule, Observation Guide and Document Analysis. Content and face validity of the instruments were determined by experts in the school of education and their comments and recommendations were used to determine the validity of the instruments.  Reliability of the instruments was established through test re-test method and correlation coefficients of 0.76 and 0.78 were obtained for teachers and head teachers respectively at a level of significance of 0.05.  Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics while qualitative data was transcribed and categorized into emergent themes. The study established that teachers mostly used school forums, seminars and workshops as the main methods of creating awareness to members and that they rarely create awareness to members. The result also indicated that teachers were involved in creation of awareness to members of the school communities to a fairly small extent. The study concluded that teachers were involved in creation of awareness but not to a level that was encouraging. The study recommended that:-teachers still need to intensify the creation of awareness to members of the school community especially to parents and local members of the community for them to fully participate in inclusive education practices. […]

  • Economic Crisis and Poverty Induced Deviance on Female Teachers in Zimbabwe

    The study explores deviant activities that female teachers engage into due to the poverty induced by the economic crisis prevailing in Zimbabwe. The research was designed and conducted within the qualitative paradigm.  The design adopted by the study was the survey.  The methodology involved informal conversational interviews and focus group discussions. The study was conducted with a group of thirty female teachers who were also perusing their masters studies. The study established that female teachers engage in various deviant as teachers and as students due to the economic hardships that they find themselves in. Deviant acts as teachers include failure to attend to their classes, getting involved into peddling activities instead to augment the meagre income from government. Retailing of goods to pupils, giving less work to their pupils to reduce work load and many more. As students they are forced to engage in acts of plagiarism as well as missing lessons to attend to whatever business that can bring the much needed extra income.&nbs […]

  • Teaching Aptitude of Prospective Teachers as Related to Their Level of Aspiration

    The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between teaching aptitude and level of aspiration of prospective teachers. Hundred prospective teachers were taken from two teacher training colleges of district Mohali and teaching aptitude test battery by Psy-chom Services and level of Aspiration Scale by Bhargava and Shah were administered on them. It was found that teaching aptitude and its variable are significantly related to level of Aspiration which shows the importance of these variables in the selection of teaching profession. […]

  • Machiavellianism and Aspirations as Predictors of Quality of Life and Subjective Happiness among Interning Doctors and Practicing Doctors

    The present quantitative study adopts a between group design to assess the difference between interning doctors and practicing doctors in the levels of Machiavellianism, aspirations, quality of life and subjective happiness. A correlational design was also employed to determine if quality of life and subjective happiness can be predicted by Machiavellianism and its dimensions of amorality, desire for status, desire for control and distrust of others; and aspirations and its dimensions of wealth, fame, image, personal growth, relationships, community, and health. Purposive Sampling and Snowball Sampling techniques were used to collect data from 100 interning and 100 practicing doctors. Independent t-test results showed that practicing doctors were significantly higher on Machiavellianism and its dimensions of amorality, desire for status and distrust of others; aspirations, its dimension of image, community, health, and physical quality of life. Interning doctors were higher on desire for control, fame aspirations, psychological health and overall quality of life. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that personal growth and health aspirations predicted quality of life in interning doctors and Machiavellianism, amorality; wealth, fame, image, community and health aspirations predicted quality of life among practicing doctors. Health aspiration was a predictor of subjective happiness in interning doctors. In practicing doctors, amorality, desire for status, distrust of others; wealth, fame, image, personal growth, relationships, community and health aspirations were predictors of subjective happiness. In present day India the rapidly changing and overburdened healthcare system has affected the well being of health care professionals and the present study throws light on to some factors that may influence quality of life and happiness of doctors in India. &nbs […]

  • A Rebel with a Cause: Tennessee Williams the Playwright: A Perspective

    Albert Camus, a French philosopher, thinker and writer, along with Jean Paul Sartre gave a philosophical base to French existentialism. Though he would publically disavow any ideological association to this movement which gripped post-war Europe, it was his writings, nevertheless, which would shape much of the future direction that this movement would take. In his book The Rebel, An Essay on Man in RevoltCamus gave a philosophical construct to the existential conundrum which fueled and sustained this movement. In this seminal work he defines rebellion as the quintessential human response to a seemingly absurd existence. According to him it is an act of simultaneous denial and acceptance: we negate the forces which strike at the root of our existence and, in the same breath celebrate the validity of our existence in our day today living. This is what helps us retain our faith in our own humanity while pitted against the depredations of a subversive social, moral and cosmological order. Though separated by vast intercontinental distances, cultural differences andvarying tastes and sensibilities, there is a remarkable degree of convergence of thought between Camus, the French thinker and Tennessee Williams, the American playwright. Camus’ rallying call to his ‘rebel’ finds resonance in the redoubtable fight of Williams’ protagonists in play after play wherein these ‘sensitive non-conformists’ would continue to wage a relentless battle against the inequities of the world despite their foreknowledge that they are doomed to fail. At the heart of their common philosophy, is the need to assert the fact of our existence without succumbing to the forces of negation even when the quotidian reality of life would seem to preclude any hope. […]

  • Mourning Becomes Electra: Morbid Psychology under the "Mask"

    By giving his main characters all with the "life-like mask", Eugene O'Neill in his play Mourning Becomes Electra aims to reveal the morbid psychology behind that people at that time were facing. O'Neill deepens the tragic effect of excessively emotional self-restraint by intentionally making the conflict happen between family members in a puritanical family, and further making it become a family's doomed and repeated fate. O'Neill presents the awkward situation but he fails to presents the way out; he indeed leaves the remedy to his audience. […]


  • Rapid Tests for Detection of Main Clostridial Toxins

    The genus Clostridium is ubiquitous,  because of this they find easily their way into wounds, foods and feeds, being the cause of serious  illness on human and domestic animals. Manifestations and pathology can range from mild food poisoning to death. Outstanding to their high toxicity, and the rapid evolution of infection with serious consequences, it is important to detect it rapidly. One approach is to have rapid detection tests to major clostridial toxins in complex matrices (blood, culture media, food and others), that can be implemented in point of care centers.In this review, a survey of recent work is carried out in this line of research and development. […]

  • Abnormal Magnetic Moment and Zero Field Splitting of Some Nickel (II) Complexes

    Some complexes of Ni(II) have been prepared with 2-thio-3-acetyl hydantoin (TAHN) and 2-formyl pyridine thiosemicarbazone (FPTS). On the basis of elemental analysis and molar conductivity, the complexes have been formulated as NiL2X2, where L = TAHN or FPTS and X = Cl–, Br–, NCS–, ClO4–. The infrared spectra of complexes and free ligand reveal that the ligand TAHN is co-ordinated through sulphur and acetyl oxygen, while FPTS ligand co-ordinates through heterocyclic nitrogen and sulphur to Ni(II) metal ion. The magnetic moment of these complexes are found to be 3.20-3.25 B.M. The values are greater than value (2.828 B.M) corresponding to two unpaired electrons of a d8-system. The appearance of four absorption bands in their electronic spectra reveal, the tetragonal distortion in the octahedral symmetry of complexes. The zero field splitting parameter(D) and the other crystal field parameters like Dq(xy), Dq(z), Dt have been calculated. The results show that, the tetragonal distortion parameter (Dt) increases in the order of NCS– < Cl– < Br– while the zero field splitting parameter (D) also increases in the same order for both the planer ligands. […]

  • Biomass- An Overview on Composition Characteristics and Properties

    A general overview has been proposed for biomass composition, characteristics and property. Biomass is the combination of all organic materials that simplify referring to amount of animal and plant. Biomass materials are diverse, ranging from wood, bark, straw and other agricultural residues, grasses and off-spec grains. Despite of diversity the composition of most biomass materials is relatively uniform, when moisture has been excluded. Biomass burning emission is an important part of carbon and nitrogen cycle. The pollutants released by biomass burning varies depends upon the constituents of nitrogen sulphur and carbon. In this paper basic knowledge of biomass and comparative data regarding composition and characterization has been studied.&nbs […]

  • Water Quality Variation while Transporting Hypselobarbus Kurali Anesthetized with 2- Phenoxy Ethanol

    Transportation of fishes from study site to the laboratory needs lot of care as the fish is very sensitive to even minor changes in the surroundings. The prime response from the fishes was random running and hitting its head and body against the medium in which it is transported. Secondly it was found excreting a lot of ammonia waste which will degrade the water quality and there by lead to poor survival chances. Anesthetized transportation thus forms a boon in aquaculture. The fish meant for transportation is anesthetized hence it will not run and also will not eliminate wastes. A solution of 1 ml of 2- Phenoxy ethanol in 5 l of water was prepared and used for the transportation trials which were conducted in heavy duty poly bags.  The average weight of brood fish was 200 g.  Five numbers of brood fishes were accommodated in a bag for the transportation for 2 hours. Water quality parameters like temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, ammonia and alkalinity were assessed following standard methods using water quantity analyzing probe (Eutech, S-660).  The studies were carried out repeatedly four times during transportation so as to confirm results. The results have shown that as time proceeds the water quality of control changed drastically whereas the experiment retained the change in water quality towards a standard range throughout the transportation trial. As the fishes are anesthetized the biological activities will slow down which result in lesser consumption of oxygen, low excretory waste and so on. So anesthetizing H.kurali with 2- phenoxy ethanol is advisable.&nbs […]