Current Issues


  • Management of Change Delivery Decision Making Through the Force Field Analysis in Georgia

    Children’s generation of Georgia recovers parent’s generations only for 70-80%. According to same data, there are only 14 countries with the similar low indicators. The increase of C-section can cause the decrease of birthdates.WHO recommended The Partnership for Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health - through the creation of an Advocacy Team. (WHO, 2005). This model ensures the relaxed environment where the mothers can receive information delivered by qualified health workers, who teach pregnant women and family members about health and well-being.  Advocacy Team comprises - nurses, medical students, and volunteer.Project benefit will be increased antenatal and postnatal care services through  the country, in the lead the better attitude and knowledge about health and well-being  across all Social levels .  Further families will save money because they couldn't pay for C-section  Evaluation of the project –annual statistical analysis by NCDC (National Center for Disease Control and Public Health) decrease C-section rate for mother request.Project outcome will be increased maternal and Child health and well-being, Increase right participation from the community, Support of pregnant women and her family economically. […]

  • Black Economic Empowerment, Employment Creation and Resilience: The Economic and Social Contribution of Lennox Mine to the Development of Zimbabwe, 1970-2016

    This research sets out to unravel the history of Lennox Mine from its inception in 1970 tracing the contribution of the mine to the economic development of Zimbabwe from its colonial beginnings up to the current period when the new visionary owner, Honourable Gandiwa Moyo, Deputy Minister of Mines who inherited a dysfunctional mining enterprise set it on course again as a pillar for economic production, under the erstwhile management of the Lennox General Mine Manager, Edgar Mashindi. The research seeks to explore how the mine management, operating under harsh economic conditions prevailing in Zimbabwe has empowered African entrepreneurs and employees and resuscitated life to the dying town of Mashava. Mashava is back on its former footing as a lively booming bedroom town of Masvingo City, forty kilometres away: supermarkets, bars, salons, housing projects, new shops are sprouting up once again as Mashava claims its proud place as a gold producing enclave of the Zimbabwean economy. Hundreds of unemployed youths from all over Zimbabwe have descended on Mashava, seeking employment and investment opportunities resulting in an unprecedented economic boom which is being felt country wide. Only recently hordes of flea female market traders opened shop at Mashava to sell clothes, shoes, household furniture and related paraphernalia to local residents and they reported that business was excellent and confirmed business plans to return every month end to sell their wares. A few years back Mashava was an abandoned mining town with all services shut down after the Capitalist oligarchic organization which owned Mashava ceased all operations and expropriated capital to Australia and Europe and started out new commercial ventures in those respective European countries. The Zimbabwean Electricity Supply Association [ZESA] shut down electricity supplies to Lennox Mine after the mine incurred a debt of close to a quarter of a million. Today, Lennox has agreed on a payment plan and electricity has been reopened triggering high gold productivity as the mine returns to its normal production levels. […]

  • Motivation, Competence and Organizational Commitment’s Effect on Lecturers' Job Satisfaction and Lecturers Performance

    Purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of motivation, competence and organizational commitment to job satisfaction lecturers, to analyze the influence motivation, competence and commitment of the organization to the performance of lecturers, to analyze the effects of job satisfaction on the performance of lecturers, and to analyze the influence of motivation, competence and organizational commitment indirectly through job satisfaction on the performance of lecturers. The study population is of 409 lecturers. Determination of the sample using the formula Slovin obtained as many as 202 respondents from the correspondence through the intranet Ministry of Industry of the Republic of Indonesia. Data from the questionnaires were analyzed with structural equation modeling the help of using AMOS (Analysis of Moment Structures) Version 18. The results showed that work motivation has a positive and significant effect on lecturers' job satisfaction and lecturers’ performance. Competence has a positive and insignificant effect on lecturers' job satisfaction, but significant on lecturers performance. Organizational commitment has a positive and significant effect on lecturers' job satisfaction and lecturers’ performance. Lecturers' job satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on lecturers’ performance. The Effect of Lecturers' job satisfaction proved to be significant in explaining the effect of work motivation, competence and organizational commitment on lecturers’ performance. […]

  • Highlighting Tribal Tourism Potentials of Southern Rajasthan

    Tribes are very mysterious; everything about them is still unexplored and unspoiled.  This research paper highlights potential for the promotion of tribal tourism and various tribes inhabiting in these tribal areas. Further it discusses a strategy to develop a new tourism product to match up with the growing expectations of the tourists in southern Rajasthan. For this, various tourism potentials like their history culture, costume, cuisine etc. have been studied. Further in this paper it has been discussed that tribal tourism is responsible for the positive image building and exploring the unidentified locations of our beautiful and multifaceted state. These days’ tourists are in thrust for new experiences, innovations and adventures. It would be wrong to underestimate that tourists are not willing to experience new cultures and face new challenges of these mysterious tribes.Before writing this paper extensive literature review has been done. The literature review was divided into 3 phases. It consists of extensive survey of literature, profiling the entertainment possibilities for the tourists and finally providing a strategy for the development of tribal tourism in Rajasthan. […]

  • Influence of Demographic Factors on Visitor Perceived Value and Visitor Satisfaction in Bangalore Amusement Parks

    The service industry is the most dynamic and ever growing industry in terms of revenue and competition. In order to compete and survive successfully in today’s dynamic environment, all the service providing organisations focus on enhancing their diverse customer base having different demographical patterns that arise after the fulfillment of needs and wants of customers to maximise their profits. The amusement park industry is not an exception to this situation in present market dynamism. With the increase in the number of parks and decrease in footfalls, the amusement parks are in the process to enhance their park image by concentrating on the demographic factors of the visitors. Therefore, researchers are intensely emphasising on the influence of demographic factors on the visitor perceived value and visitor satisfaction. The current research study endeavors to find out the relationship among demographic factors on the perceived value and visitor satisfaction. The sample data is collected from random customers of different amusement parks in Bangalore. The collected data then analyzed using SPSS. The results revealed that there is no significance relation between demographic factors and visitor perceived value and visitor satisfaction. […]

  • The Influence of Attitude, Knowledge and Quality on Purchase Intention towards Halal Food: A Case Study of Young Non-Muslim Consumers in Thailand

    This paper investigates the influence of attitude, halal knowledge, halal quality on purchase intention towards halal food of young non-Muslim consumers in Thailand. Consequently, total of 600 questionnaires were distributed and 482 usable responses were obtained yielding a response rate of 80.33%. Our results indicated that attitude has a strongest direct influence on intention to purchase and also the results indicated that halal knowledge has a significant effect on attitude towards halal food and had no significant effect on halal purchase intention. Furthermore, halal quality has significant positive influences on the purchase intention among the studied group in Thailand. Therefore, this paper could provide insights important for manufacturers, marketers and policymakers to understand the perspectives of young non-Muslim consumers in Thailand. […]

  • Institutional Investments and Their Influence on Stock Returns – An Empirical Study

    Mutual dependency of market variables is crucial for development of any economy. It is equally important to study the stock market for what parameter influences over the others and for what length of time, thus giving direction to investors. Further, Sensex being an important barometer of India’s economic measurement, it would be interesting to know the revelation of its stability while institutional investors influence it in multiple ways over considerable longer period of economy. This study investigates the influence of FII and MF on Sensex over 11 year period between 2004-2015. The objectives were to find out the dependency among the three to conclude about which out theses influences market the most. On applying Unit–root test, Correlation and VAR, the study revealed that there was a regime change for BSE-Sensex returns due to the global recession. The noticeable fact is that change in regime affected the purchase of Mutual Fund which led to increasing in FII investment.   The variation in the investment patterns by institutions brought in heavy market movement. Indian stock market during the selected period was driven by a greater amount of Foreign Investors compared to the domestic investors, the Mutual Fund taken up for  this study. […]

  • Micro-Finance & Micro-Credit for Sustainable Development

    Poverty is one of the biggest challenges to the development of a developing country like India where a major population is living in rural and semi-urban areas. Institutional credit is considered as a powerful tool for alleviating poverty. Microfinance is the supply of loans, savings, and other basic financial services to the poor. As the financial services of microfinance usually involve small amounts of money – small loans, small savings etc. the term "Microfinance" helps to differentiate these services from those of commercial banks. Microfinance in India has been through two channels of credit delivery to poor and low-income households–Self Help Group Bank Linkage Programme (SBLP) and the Microfinance institutions lending through groups as well as directly to individuals. This study was with the overall objective of conducting a detailed analysis of interest rates, costs and margins of microfinance institutions. This study highlights the reach and the impact on the customers and the channels used by these firms for the effectiveness of Micro Finance and Microcredit schemes. For the purpose of analysis the statistical tools like Mean, Standard deviation, coefficient of co-relation and regression have been used. Microfinance is playing a very important role in decrease poverty. Microfinance to the rural SHGs is a way to raise the income level and improve the living standards of the rural peoples. Thus, it can be concluded that the self-help groups contribute substantially in pushing the conditions of the rural population up. […]


  • A Survey on Image Compression using Burrows Wheeler Transform

    This paper is a methodological review paper on image compression using Burrows Wheeler Transform. Normally BWT is used for text compression but it has been recently applied to image compression field. Basically it is a lossless compression technique which is used for high level resolution.This paper proposes about several scheme added with BWT to improve the performance of image compression which helps us to formulate a new technique for the further improvement in BWT. Here many authorshave different type of representation of BWT for better compression. […]

  • Logistics Network Design, Shipment Consolidation in a Distribution Centre – Warehouses – Customers Integrated Inventory Model

    This paper presents a study on multi level customers from three integrated network design and management of inventory to distribute from the various centres.  The distribution process is performed through the warehouses situated in different location.  Then the assignment will be shipped through the agent of the distribution centres.  The main objective of this inventory model is to reduce the transportation and handling costs in the logistics network.  This network design to establish the proper shipment model for clear the inventory and to provide an equivalent linear formulation. To prove effectiveness of   the model, the strategy for handling the inventory is also proposed to in this study.  The results also suggested that the distribution centres with high holding capacities should be arranged and scheduled to deliver their shipments. […]

  • Chemical Profile and Extraction Technique of Oil of Mentha Arvensis

    Menthol mint oil is distilled by water steam distillation from leaves of Mentha arvensis and is the most importance source of L-menthol. It contains L-menthol 68.3%, menthone 8.2%, isomenthone 4.4%, menthyl acetate 4.3%, mixture of isomers of menthol 4.5%, cis-3- hexanal 0.2-% and limonene 1.2%, However percentage of components depends on the genetic and ecological conditions. Major component L-Menthol is isolated by freezing at low temperature with the recovery of around 65% in form of menthol flakes and the remaining material is known as DMO or dementholised oil (30%). During the process 1% loss is generally found. All the components are being used in Flavours, Pharmaceuticals, Tobacco and other cosmetic Industries. […]


  • Analysis of Speech-Sign Semantic Equivalence in Simultaneous Communication in Kenya

    Effective communication between teacher and pupil is a requisite factor for educational attainment. For the deaf, ineffective communication is a major problem especially when onset of profound deafness takes places at an early age before language is acquired. At school, the language of classroom communication not only affects the child’s development but also influences ability to learn other curriculum contents. Pointing out reasons for failure by deaf children to compete favorably with their hearing peers, Johnson et al (1989) has indicated that the central problem on deaf education is embedded in the lack of an appropriate language of classroom communication. For a long time education for the deaf was conducted through the oral approach. It was later realized that this oral approach did not avail curriculum content to the deaf learners. In the 1980’s Total Communication arose as one of the solutions. According to Adoyo (2004), Total Communication was misunderstood for Simultaneous Communication, a communication system in which speech and sign are produced at the same time (Lane, Hoffmister & Bahan, 1996).  Although SC has been used in Kenya for all these years, it has not produced the predicated large-scale improvement. In this study, an attempt was made to establish the capacity of SC to enhance understanding and to facilitate information processing. The investigation was carried out through an examination of the extent to which the spoken and signed messages were equivalent in meaning. The research question was: To what extent do teachers of the deaf maintain one-one, sign to-voice ratio during Simultaneous Communication transmission and to what degree is the spoken and signed message equivalent semantically? […]

  • Analysis of Referral Pattern in Burns to a Tertiary Burn Care Centre in India

    Government Kilpauk Medical College Hospital in Chennai has a tertiary burn care centre with an exclusive new building catering to the needs of burn victims. This burn unit was started by PadmashreeDr.Mathangi Ramakrishnan in the year 1981. All types of burns in all age groups are treated here. Management of a burn patient involves multimodal approach and involves the contribution of various specialists. These patients require multiple stages of medical and surgical managements thus prolonging the duration of hospital stay. Though the treatment to the patient is provided free in the government hospital, the relatives or care takers have to spend money for their food and daily needs. Most patients come from lower socioeconomic background and depend on their daily wages for survival making the problem more complex. Burn survivors are scarred and have some physical disability which persists, creating a sense of depression or loss. Major burn victims have a high mortality even in specialized units. Thus ultimately most of the victims and their care givers are not satisfied in the end. […]

  • Machiavellism in William Shakespeare’s Macbeth: A Critical Study

    The aim of this article is to showcase and discuss Machiavellism in William Shakespeare’s play portraying by the tragedy attitudes on Macbeth and the challenge around Scotland kingdom power in British society during the Elizabethan period. This study has carried out a great desire of William Shakespeare’s Macbeth characters and their double dealing to get the Scotland kingdom great power or get-up-and-go throughout strong or a longing through unnatural power act of ambitious characters. In the process, this article has highlighted some cogent impacts of a great glory and the side effect of a foolish ambition throughout unethical practice. Indeed in order to meet up its objective, this article has carried out its criticism against the backdrop of literary theories of Psychoanalysis, New Historicism and Womanism. The findings of this study reveal that Macbeth is a royal entertainment, for all those of us who enjoy the suspense and excitement of a murder story. It could be interpreted Shakespeare’s play as a moral lesson. Throughout this scientific work, Macbeth teaches us, in a new way, the old lesson that crime does not pay. All in all Macbeth is a sinister, violent drama, full of fear, evil and death. The language of the play creates this dark drama. […]

  • An Analysis of Point of Sale Systems Physical Configurations and Security Measures in Zimbabwean SMEs

    This paper undertook to establish the correlation between the Point of Sale configurations (setup) employed by Small and Medium Enterprises and the security controls and measures implemented for the prevention and detection of possible security threats. Quantitative data was collected from 30 Small and Medium Enterprises in the retail sector using a self-administered questionnaire. The participants were selected using purposive sampling. The data was analysed using descriptive statistics and the Chi square test was used to test for correlation between the variables. The research showed that only three of the recommended security measures for Small and Medium Enterprises are directly affected by the Point of Sale configuration in use and these are: Password Policy; Physical Security and Antivirus. […]

  • Action Research in Schools and Utility for Teachers

    Action Research is a self – reflective inquiry by participants, undertaken in order to improve their own educational practices in classroom situations. Action research is most helpful when it is self-critical and starts from recognition of a problem or statement, understanding, collecting data and then self-evaluating and then finally improving teaching practices. Action research has multiplier affect not only for teachers wherein they improve their teaching practices but also positive impact on students’ engagement and renewed interest in classroom and studies. […]

  • Manipuri Ramkatha through Wari Leeba: A Dialogue between Text and Oral Renditions

    The paper seeks to highlight the dynamism of Indian Literary traditions which blurs the strict compartmentalization of written and oral traditions. Taking an instance from the Manipuri Ramayana in written text and its oral rendition through the narrative art of Wari Leeba, the paper tries to delineate the negotiation and interaction between the various forms of expressions in Indian literary scenario. From a detailed study of how the Manipuri Ramkatha tradition develops in Manipur to the way how Wari Leeba as a narrative art evolves and associates itself with recitation of Ramkatha in Manipur, the paper gives an insight into the various aspects of their interaction and corresponding cultural ethos. Social and religious context associated with the evolution and development of Ramkatha and Wari Leeba has been dealt with in this paper. […]

  • Environment and Resource Challenges Faced by Early Childhood Development Centres in Gweru Urban High Density Suburbs

    The aim of the study was to analyse the resource and environment challenges faced by Early Childhood Development (ECD) centres within Gweru Urban high density suburbs. Availability of resources and quality of the environment are crucial components in the holistic development of all children (Bruce, 2004). This study sought to establish the specific nature of resources and environment challenges currently faced by ECD centres in the Gweru urban high density suburbs. In order to establish the dimensions and nature of this phenomenon, the study adopted the mixed method approach which used interviews, questionnaires, observations and document analyses to collect data. Six (6) ECD administrators from six (6) ECD centres and thirty (30) ECD teachers from ECD centres in Gweru High Density Suburbs were purposively sampled for the study. Results showed that inadequate provision of resource and environment requirements had bedevilled centres in the high density suburbs. The centres lacked funding resulting in failure to provide a suitable environment and needed resources. The teacher-pupil ratio was as high as 1:50 which was above the 1:20 ratio stated in the Statutory Instrument 106 of 2005. The study recommended that the Ministry of Primary and Secondary Education should not allow ECD centres to operate without meeting the requirements for ECD establishment. Parents and other stakeholders were also encouraged to contribute towards funding, construction and acquisition of resources for ECD centres. The study also recommended that government and council should provide free land for the establishment of ECD centres for both public and private centres.&nbs […]


  • Investigations of Current Generated in Construction of Polarization in Vectra A, Liquid Crystal Copolyester

    The Thermally Stimulated Polarization Current (TSPC) is used to study the dielectric behavior of Vectra A, liquid crystal copolyester. The TSPC spectra of samples of Vectra A for various polarizing fields (3.8 kV/cm- 19.2 kV/cm) have been investigated. A dipolar relaxation is observed in the low temperature region ~ 30 oC due to orientation of naphthalene groups present in Vectra A which is termed as peak-P1. In the higher temperature region above 110 oC, the dipolar and space charge peaks are in composite form. TSPC cycle is performed to distinguish the dipolar and space charge peaks. Also, the TSPC spectra of annealed and doped samples of Vectra A are studied. The results obtained from TSPC spectra are compared with TSDC spectra of samples of Vectra A. &nbs […]

  • Shelf Life of Trichoderma Harzianum an Antagonist in Different Oil Based Formulations

    Trichoderma is a promising candidate for the biological control of plant pathogenic fungi. While planning the application of antagonistic Trichoderma strains for the purposes of biological control, it is very important to consider the environmental parameters affecting the bio-control agents in the soil. A series of abiotic and biotic environmental parameters has an influence on the bio-control efficacy of Trichoderma. The major bottleneck of bio-pesticides is the shelf life and inconsistent performance. In order to overcome this problem, the present study the liquid formulation was used to increase the shelf life of Trichoderma. Oils like Canole oil, paraffin oil, soya bean oil, Neem oil and Glycerol and their combination of paraffin oil and glycerol, paraffin oil and Soya bean oil, Canola oil and Glycerol, and Paraffin oil and Neem oil were used, among which Canola oil + Glycerol based formulation and Paraffin oil based formulation with 3.00 x 104 Cfu/ml and 2.00 X 104 Cfu/ml viable conidia showed extended shelf life of twelve months of storage. […]

  • Efficient Synthesis and Characterization of 4- (1, 3-Dioxoisoindolin-2yl) Benzaldehyde

    The titled 4-(1,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-2-yl)benzaldehyde has been synthesized from phthalic anhydride and p-toluidene followed by use of H2O2 in ethanol. Compounds characterized on the basis of 1H-NMR.&nbs […]

  • Morphological Identification of Horse Flies (Diptera: Tabanidae) and Estimation of their Seasonal Abundance in Al-Showak District, Gedaref State, Eastern Sudan

    The aim of this study was to identify the tabanid flies in the Gedaref State, Eastern Sudan and to estimate their seasonal abundance. A number of 374 flies sample were collected by the trapping method in the period October 2014 to October 2015 and were sorted out using certain morphological features that include; size, head, thorax, wings, legs, antennae and abdomen. The observed features of 47 randomly selected samples were recorded and were used to create an identification key that can be used for future characterization and identification of any member of the Tabanidae family. More tabanids flies were collected during the wet (52.29%) than the dry season (47.71%). A number of 5 species of Tabanidae namely; Tabanus autumnalis (Szilády 1914); Tabanus leleani (Austen 1920); Atylotus pulchellus (Loew 1858); Hybomitra mendica (Villeneuve 1912) and Philoliche sp. were reported for the first time in the state of Gedaref. The method described here has advantages over the other methods of identification; that it is simple, costless, and requires no skillful person to perform. The collection procedure is very crucial, for the specimen must be of high-quality. This key will facilitate the recognition of the vector species and its possible role in the transmission of the parasitic and/or viral animals’ diseases in the area.&nbs […]

  • Toxicity Removal of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluent by Employing Chemicals

    Pulp and paper are manufactured from raw materials containing cellulose fibers, generally wood, recycled paper, and agricultural residues. In developing countries, about 60% of cellulose fibers originate from nonwood raw materials such as bagasse (sugar cane fibers), cereal straw, bamboo, reeds, esparto grass, jute, flax, and sisal. Large amount of toxic effluent is released during process of paper production. Pulp and paper mill spent wash (raw effluent) is highly acidic in nature with high BOD, COD, TDS,  TSS, phenol, sulphate, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and metals viz. Mn Zn Cu Ni Fe and Na . Effluent was treated with chemicals FeCl3 and KMnO4. pH was found to increase from 7.8 to 8.4 on increasing concentration (1 gl-1 to 5 gl-1) of KMnO4. Similarly colour, COD and BOD were decreasing with increasing concentration of KMnO4. Maximum colour, COD and BOD reduction were recorded 21.25%, 93.79% and 81.48% respectively at 5g l-1 concentration of KMnO4. Decrease in pH was recorded from 3.3 to 2.0 on increasing concentration (1 gl-1 to 5 gl-1) of FeCl3 (Ferric chloride).  Decrease in colour, COD and BOD were also observed with increasing concentration of FeCl3. Maximum colour, COD and BOD reduction were recorded 99.10%, 54.16% and 85.92% respectively at 5g l-1 conc. of FeCl3. […]