Current Issues


  • Loneliness among Shift Workers: An Analysis through Organizational Culture, Interpersonal Communication and Dealing with Emotions

    Web Finance Incorporation (2016) explains work shift as a work schedule in which a group of workers rotate through set periods of time. Shift work is well recognized in Customer Service and Hotel Industry. These shift employees often complain of emotional, psychological and physiological difficulties. Against this background, the objective of the present study was to analyze the differences between 160 Day and Night Shift employees (selected through non-probability sampling) working in Customer Service (n=80) and Hotel Industry (n=80).The study also aimed at identifying predictors of Loneliness at Workplace. The Organizational Culture Profile (Pareek, 2011), Interpersonal Communication Inventory (Bienvenu, 1971), Dealing with Emotions (Pareek, 2011) and Loneliness at Workplace (Wright, Burt & Strongman, 2006) were administered to measure the respective variables. The statistical analysis revealed a significant difference between Customer Service and Hotel Industry employees in terms of trust, authenticity, collaboration, experimentation, rumination and social companionship (p<0.05). Significant differences in openness, experimentation, coping with feelings, emotional deprivation and social companionship were observed between Day and Night Shift employees (p<0.05). Results further revealed that among Customer Service employees the major predictors of emotional deprivation were interpersonal communication, proaction and flow and of social companionship were interpersonal communication, proaction, self-expression and openness and among Hotel Industry employees the main predictors of emotional deprivation were proaction, rumination, experimentation, interpersonal communication and perceived acceptance and of social companionship were rumination, experimentation and clarity (p<0.05). The current study highlight the importance of organizational and interpersonal values, companies should promote and uphold in order to build healthy working conditions for their employees eventually culminating into their own success. […]

  • Constitutional Perspectives of Gender Based Discrimination in J&K State: A Critical Analysis

    The constitution of India is the supreme law of the country which prohibits any kind of discrimination based on sex, religion or race etc. and any such law shall not be operative after the commencement of the constitution which authorizes such discrimination in any part of the country whereas the state of J&K which is also one of the federal units of the Indian Federation enjoys some special status under article 370 of the constitution and in this manuscript the authors have tried to point out the gender based discrimination in the state of J&K especially right to immovable property and its constitutionality with historical perspective of all such provisions which protect such discriminatory practice in the state side by side the justification in favour as well as against for such exception legal position in the state and other issue to be covered in this endeavour the role played by the judiciary to mitigate the grievances of the women section of the state with its post effects in terms of their property rights or status of permanent resident with all incidents etc. in the state in case they enter into matrimonial tie with non-resident of the state. […]

  • Union Wise Competitiveness of Kerala Co-Operative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd, Kerala (Milma)

    Milma, the brand name of Kerala Co-operative Milk Marketing Federation (KCMMF) is carrying out its operations in Kerala with its mission of ‘farmer’s prosperity through consumer satisfaction’. It could achieve remarkable progress in milk procurement and selling with the implementation of the operation flood programmes. Today it is a matter of pride that 'Milma' is a household name in Kerala. The punch line of Milma is “The goodness Kerala wakes up to.” Milma is one of the best brands from the state and is known for its regularity of supply and quality of milk. KCMMF has three unions viz. Trivandrum Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union (TRCMPU), Ernakulam Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union (ERCMPU), Malabar Regional Co-operative Milk Producers Union (MRCMPU).This study makes an attempt to analyze the Union wise competitiveness of KCMMF Ltd (Milma). […]

  • Effect of Human Capital and Leadership on Institutions’ Performance and Competitive Advantages

    This study analyzes the influence of human capital, leadership on performance and competitive advantage at 206 head of the study program university courses owned by private colleges in the Scope of Private High Education Coordinator has called KOPERTIS Region IX Sulawesi in Makassar. Sampling is done using the total population sampling technique. A result of testing the hypothesis with support of analysis moment of Structures Ver. 21 provides evidence that human capital, organizational learning and leadership and significant positive effect on the performance of the institution. Influences among other variables provide evidence that human capital, leadership and agency performance and significant positive impact on competitive advantage. On the other hand organizational learning and leadership are not significant positive effect on competitive advantage. The role of the institution's performance significantly effect in explaining the effect of human capital, organizational learning and leadership to competitive advantage. […]

  • Employees’ Perception on Performance Appraisal and Their Work Outcomes in Nepalese Service Sector

    This paper examines the employees’ perception on performance appraisal and their work outcomes in Nepalese service sector. The aim of this paper is to aid service sectors in Nepal to evaluate their existing performance appraisal systems, by identifying the perceived satisfaction of employees towards their current performance appraisal process. It can provide and promote excellent feedback towards their employees thus enhancing employees’ work performance, affective commitment, employee engagement while reducing employee turnover intentions. This paper emphasized on one independent variable employees’ perception of performance appraisal and four dependent variables work performance, affective commitment, employee engagement and turnover intention. The data are collected from the questionnaire and were analyzed and interpreted through the help of different statistical tools. The result highlighted that there is significant (positive) relationship of performance appraisal with work performance, affective commitment and employee engagement and a (negative) relationship between performance appraisal and turnover intention. […]

  • Socio-Economic Condition of Female Agricultural Labourers- With Special Reference to Mandya District

    Women in rural India are involved in various stages of agricultural operations starting from sowing of seeds to hand weeding, harvesting and post-harvest activities. Over time, as technological change in agriculture has brought about a substantial change in labour-land use pattern, the nature of work of rural women has also undergone a change. Women spend a substantial part of their time not only in various activities directly related to agriculture but also in the management of livestock, poultry, etc. (Sisodia, 1985; Agarwal, 1988). However, the true picture of female work and their contribution to family expenditure is usually not clearly presented. Many economically productive activities performed by women go unrecorded as such or are subsumed within ‘domestic work’. In this paper an attempt has been made to study the socio economic condition of female agricultural labourers, and suggest suitable measures for improving their living condition. […]

  • Determinants of Maternal Health Care Utilization among Ever-Married Rabari Women of Udaipur District, Rajasthan

    Background: Improving maternal health is one of the eight Millennium Development Goals. It is widely accepted that the use of maternal health services helps in reducing maternal morbidity and mortality. The utilization of maternal health services is a complex phenomenon and it is influenced by several factors. Therefore, the factors at different levels affecting the use of these services need to be clearly understood. The objective of this study was to estimate the effects of individual, community and district level characteristics on the utilization of maternal health services with special reference to antenatal care (ANC), skilled attendance at delivery and postnatal care (PNC)Methods: The present paper focuses in understanding the maternal health care utilization by the ever married Rabari women of Udaipur District, Rajasthan. A purposive random sampling method was used to collect data from 122 ever married women of age group 15-49 years by using pretested and modified demographic schedule.Results: The results of this study showed that 63.11% of the respondents used ANC during their most recent pregnancy whereas only 10.65% women received PNC within two weeks of delivery. In the last delivery, 36.06% mothers were assisted by doctors and 50.81% assisted by nurse. Regarding components of ANC utilization 85.24% women reported intake of IFA (Iron and Folic Acid) tablets during pregnancy, while 77.04% of the women received Tetanus Toxoid (TT) Injection. The study reflects that higher utilization of ANC services are there and PNC services are mostly neglected among the women. The study also reflected upon the use of Birth Control Measures (BCM) among the woman. The lesser number of sample size may bind us from recommending much. But, Mothers should be motivated continuously and with every generation of nation they give birth to, they should utilize such health services for the future of the healthy society. […]

  • Evaluating Indian Steel Industry’s Trade Competitiveness Based on RCA Index

    Steel is one of the most important pillars to the Infrastructural development of any nation. The rate of production and consumption of steel is treated as an important index of the level of socioeconomic development and standard of living of the people in any country. India stands at the 3rd position as a producer of crude steel in the world and this Industry is an important Foreign exchange Contributor to the economy. Since Iron  and  steel  products  are  Imported and Exported  liberally  as  per  the existing   policy and therefore it becomes necessary  to  analyse and evaluate the export potentials and competitiveness of the Indian Iron and steel industry in relation to the steel exports of the world as a whole. This study analyses the competitiveness and the pattern of trade flows/trade specialisation from India to world, particularly for Iron and Steel industry. Our research is mainly based on the measures of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) measures or Balassa Index. […]

  • The Regulatory Framework for Investment in India

    The economic reforms initiated in the late eighties and early nineties in India have improved the overall investment environment through market oriented policies. India’s regulatory framework has gradually become more enabling than restricting for investors. The once formidable administrative burden has been substantially reduced since the announcement of the New Industrial Policy in 1991.  With the implementation of various reforms, India has certainly emerged as an attractive destination for private investment, both foreign as well as domestic.  However, investment remains insufficient to meet India’s massive needs. Certain factors as bureaucratic delays in business approvals, multiplicity of procedures, policy and legal constraints, structural constraints, etc. still exist which  prevent it from realizing its true potential. An investor still has to undergo a lot of time consuming and complex procedures that act as a disincentive for him.The paper will make a comprehensive review of the regulations and procedures required for an investment in India and draw out the lacuna of the present system. It will also suggest steps for improving its performance in problematic areas such that the ease of doing business in India can be enhanced. […]

  • Effect of Work Attitude and Total Productive Maintenance on the Overall Equipment Effectiveness and Production Continuity

    This study aims to examine and analyze the impact of work attitude, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) on the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) and production continuity and the other effect of Work Attitude and Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) on production continuity: The mediating role of Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE). The research was conducted at PT. Semen Tonasa i.e. units II to V unit which is the largest cement producer in eastern Indonesia. Withdrawal of respondents did with the criteria that only respondents yang having their respective sectors and who have work experience of at least one year were used as samples. Results of analysis Partial Least Square (PLS) Version 2.0.M3 used in analyzing the contribution of exogenous variables on endogenous variables directly, Sobel Test was used for pushing analyze the contribution of the indirect effect (mediation) whereas importance- performance analysis (IPA) to analogous interpret the relationship loading factor value and the average value. The results of this study provide evidence of work attitude has a positive and significant effect on the overall equipment effectiveness (OEE), total productive maintenance (TPM) has a positive and  significant effect on overall equipment effectiveness (OEE), work attitude, total productive maintenance (TPM) and overall equipment effectiveness (OEE) positive and significant impact on production continuity. […]

  • Influence of Income on Shopping Behavior of Residents and Feasibility of Neighborhood Shops: A Study of Selected South Delhi Localities

    Metro cities of India are going through rapid phase of socio-economic development accompanied with changing standards of living and a rise in purchasing power of population. This increasing expenditure pattern calls for increase in business and commercial outlets in the cities. This is more so noticeable in  NCT of Delhi where due to  limited availability of urban land for multi functional land use, both  planned and unplanned commercial areas are emerging fast to cater to the needs and demands of local population. However, the impact of income as well as other socio-economic factors play an important role in defining the spatial pattern of movement of shoppers which in a way define the survival of neighborhood (both planned and unplanned) shopping centers/ shops. The aim of this research paper is to understand the impact of income in defining the spatial pattern of shopping behavior of the consumer in patronizing the neighborhood shops or markets for various food and non food items. Thus, the present study focuses primarily on identification of shopping patterns / behavior of residents of selected localities in South Delhi. This study is conducted over  two economic categories of localities: lower and middle income category locality consisting of areas like Gobind Puri, Gobind Puri Extension and Kalkaji DDA Flat localities; and upper middle and higher income locality consisting of areas like C.R.Park, Kalkaji Main area (excluding DDA LIG, Janta, Slum category flats) and Alakananda. The rationale behind the selection of these two separate socio- economic areas for the survey is to analyze the inter locality and intra locality comparison of shopping behavior of various income class of population. The findings of the study favors the feasibility of the local shops in the surveyed localities, since nearness to the market and ease of shopping has encouraged the survival of the local shops/ markets operating in the residential colonies especially for food items. However apart from income levels, standard of living is also influencing the shoppers behavior and growing trend of shopping from Malls and Plazas is also noticed showing changing preference of shoppers for well established market areas than local shops especially for non food items. Through GIS based mapping, the movement of shoppers for both food and non food items is traced and specific suggestion are given regarding the changing land use under commercial activities in the survey areas. Area specific suggestions are given in the light of Master Plan of Delhi 2021. […]

  • Empowerment of Zimbabwean Women through Entrepreneurship an Economic and Social Perspective

    The objectives of the study were to identify socio-economic characteristics of female entrepreneurs in Zimbabwe and to ascertain the relationship between women empowerment in entrepreneurship and economic/social development. The research looked at economic and social independent variables that affect women empowerment in entrepreneurship. Literature covered but not limited to, power in households, decision making, ownership of property, access to capital, networking and freedom of movement. This study adopted a mixed research methodology that combined the positivism and the interpretivism paradigms. With regard to this study, the target population was the female entrepreneurs in Harare, Zimbabwe. Non-probability was chosen as the sampling technique for this study because it is quicker, easier and cheaper. Convenience and judgmental sampling techniques shall were employed. The questionnaire was used to collect primary data for this study.The study revealed that married female entrepreneurs continue to be absent from the household decision-making that shapes the allocation of the economic and financial resources, which further perpetuates gender inequality.  The study also confirmed that education and training as well as previous work experience are important success characteristics for empowerment, required by emerging female entrepreneurs as they start and grow their business. The study also confirmed that the lack of access to capital exacerbated by lack of collateral and high interest rates is one of the major deterrents for empowering women through entrepreneurship. Recommendations include coalition among female entrepreneurs, mentoring schemes and changing entrenched patriarchal cultural norms. […]


  • Performance Evaluation of Evaporative Cooler Using Solar Energy

    Evaporative cooler operating on solar energy is a viable option in places where there is scarcity of grid power and is also useful for short term storage of farm products. This paper analyzes the performance of a commercial cooler operated on the solar power and its cost benefit analysis. The cooler is operated on grid power in first part and on solar power in second part. The saturation efficiency, cooling capacity and the energy consumption is calculated in both the cases. The efficiency ranged from 41 to 70 %, cooling capacity from 4625 to 12079 kJ/h and energy consumption from 0.113 to 0.184 kW. The cost benefit analysis gives a payback period of about 11.5 seasons for the cooler if used for only comfort. If the cooler is used continuously for short term storage of farm products, then the payback period is estimated to be of 21.5 months. The optimization of solar panel, battery and inverter cost is suggested to have the early pay back of the investment cost. The cooler installation is recommended in place where there is shortage or frequent fluctuation of grid power. […]

  • Object Detection and Tracking in Discriminant Subspace

    Detection and tracking of moving objects in video is essential for many computer vision applications and it is considered as a challenging research issue due to dynamic changes in background, illumination, object size and shape. Many traditional algorithms fails to detect and track the moving objects accurately, this paper proposes a robust method, to detect and track moving objects based on the combination of background subtraction and Orthogonalized Fisher’s Discriminant (OFD). Background subtraction detects the foreground objects on subtracting frame by frame basis and updating the background model recursively. Orthogonalized Fisher’s Discriminant projects high dimensional data onto a one dimensional space with the highest recognizability, which speedup the detection and tracking process and also preserves the structure of the objects resulting high accuracy. The proposed method is tested on standard datasets with complex environments and experimental results obtained are encouraging. […]


  • Cultural Memory and the Sri Lankan Civil War in Shobaskthi’s Short Story, ‘The MGR Murder Trial’

    This paper looks at the intersection of cultural memory, war and literary narrative in the specific context of the civil wars that raged Sri Lanka. It would consider the dynamics of cultural memory of an ethnic minority group during a civil war. To achieve this, the paper would attempt a close study of Shobasakthi , the Tamil Eelam writer’s titular short story “The MGR Murder Trial” from his short story anthology. The use of a popular cultural icon is deliberate in the story. The paper would consider the symbolism of this usage and thereby arrive at the author’s response to the civil war. […]

  • Industry and Inferiority in School Children Enrolled through Quota for Weaker Sections and Disadvantaged Groups: An Eriksonian Perspective

    A significant milestone in the landscape of Education in India was arrived at with the coming of The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 (Ministry of Law and Justice, 2009). One of the highly debated provisions of the act has been that unaided private schools shall admit in class 1, to the extent of at least 25% of the strength of that class, children belonging to weaker section and disadvantaged group and provide free and compulsory elementary education.While it was hoped that the act would lead to radical transformation in the Indian school system and become an effective instrument for any child to demand their basic entitlement, it has been recognised that it is not sufficient to allow access. The implementation of the act will be considered truly successful only if it addresses the issue of making children of marginalised communities 'visible' within classrooms.This study is a qualitative exploration of the experiences of 8 children enrolled under the EWS quota in private unaided schools of Delhi NCR. Using a phenomenological approach, the interview data has been thematically analysed in the light of the stage of Industry versus Inferiority as outlined by Erik Erikson's psychosocial approach to identity development. The study reveals complex layers of experiences, some facilitative and some detrimental, indicating the need for careful planning and monitoring of implementation, as well as stronger teacher preparation for the creation of truly inclusive climate in schools. […]

  • Construction and Validation of Environmental Ethics Attitude Scale

    The aim of the study is to assess the attitude of teachers towards environmental ethics and to develop ethics in them in case of lack of concern towards it. After reviewing so many relevant literatures the investigators considered the three dimensions of environmental ethics i.e., anthropocentrism, eco-centrism and bio-centrism and constructed 84 items based on these dimensions. Investigators consulted 15 experts from various educational and environmental fields for the content and face validity of scale. After expert judgment, 19 items were rejected for overall ambiguities while 65 items were selected for preliminary try-out of the scale over 100 teachers selected through Simple Random sampling technique. Final draft of the scale with 54 items was administered over 300 teachers both from eastern and western Uttar Pradesh. After final item analysis of Environmental Ethics Attitude Scale, 46 items were retained on the basis of the t-value, which was found significant (0.05 level of significance). Out of these 46 items, 34 are positive and 12 are negative statements. The reliability of the tool was 0.836 by Alpha Cronbach to check internal consistency of the tool and by Split Half Test was 0.734. […]

  • Internet Usage and Academic Achievement of Adolescents of West Bengal: An Exploratory Study

    Present study is a process to find out the effect of internet usage on the academic achievement of adolescents of West Bengal, specifically on the students of Higher Secondary level under the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education. To study the impact thoroughly the investigator divided internet usage into three categories- Educational usage, Communicational usage and Recreational usage. Intending to fetch out the relationship of different types of internet usage with students’ academic achievement as well as the gender difference regarding the internet usage, the researcher formulated some null hypotheses. To go through this study the investigator administered an internet usage questionnaire on 138 class XI students, selected by purposive sampling method from different schools under WBCHSE. Percentage of marks obtained by the adolescents in Madhyamik examination was treated as the academic achievement by them. The investigator used Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Independent Sample‘t’ test for testing the hypotheses. By the end of the study it was seen that Educational usage and Communicational usage of internet had no effect on their academic achievements, but there was negative effect of Recreational internet usage on their academic achievement. Also, boys and girls differed significantly in respect to their different internet usage. […]

  • Construction and Standardization of Commerce Achievement Test for Higher Secondary Level

    Commerce education is a branch of knowledge which provides experience of business world at a large and in all its manifestations to its learners and this is basically meant to provide the students in-depth knowledge of different functional areas of business and allied activities to mould the learners according to the dynamic requirements of the trade, commerce and industry. Every individual in a society is desirous to achieve something good for him and achievement in real sense is the end-product of all human endeavours. Achievement is a pivot around which all educational phenomena move uninterruptedly. Since, Commerce stream is now being widely recognized, accepted and appreciated therefore, achievement in Commerce has become significant and its formal base generally starts with the higher secondary level of education in India. The present study is an attempt to develop and standardize a Commerce Achievement Test (CAT) for the students of higher secondary level to measure students’ achievement in commerce. CAT contains seventy objective type (with multiple choice) items related to commerce subject and these items are based on syllabus of Higher Secondary Level prescribed by U. P. board, Allahabad. Validity as well as reliability of the test has been ascertained. Split-half and Kudar-Richardson Reliability of CAT have been found to be 0.93 and 0.86 respectively. The face validity has been established with the help of experts from the field of commerce and education. Concurrent validity of the test has been established against marks obtained by students in their Pre – Board Examination and it is 0.63. CAT can be administered in group setting and time-limit to finish CAT is one hour. Responses from the examinee could be taken on a separate answer-sheet. A score of ‘One’ is awarded for every correct answer and ‘Zero’ is given for wrong answers. […]

  • Uniformity and Diversity of Components of Teacher Education

    It was the suggestion of the National Education Commission (1964-66) that investment for teacher education can return in rich surpluses because the fiscal resources essential are small when compared to the resulting developments in the upbringing of masses. Today, it is an imperative to prepare dynamic teachers. Therefore, skill development programmes for in-service and teacher trainees should be ornamented with the teaching-learning skills, real mode internship, pedagogical knowledge with application, multi-lingual and multicultural classroom management techniques and ICT based technologies. These conditions are fulfilled by implementing the components of teacher education with uniformity in knowledge and diversity in functioning. The universal and local aspects of teacher education programs might be meaningful for the environment of training. This research article is trying to ascertain their devotion to global trends versus the impact of native circumstances and cultures. Teacher Education Curriculum-1978 very rightly emphasized on the fortune of the school curriculum which is affected by the teacher education curriculum. […]

  • Effect of Teachers’ Own Perception of Their Profession on Job Satisfaction and Performance in the Private Primary Schools in Yei Town, South Sudan

    Teachers often find themselves frustrated at work because of conflicting expectations concerning their professional and social roles within the community. This paper looks at the effect of teachers’ perception of their profession on their satisfaction at job and performance. The authors employ a survey design in private schools in Yei Town, South Sudan to establish the impact of these perceptions. Simple random sampling technique was used to select the respondents from ten private schools. The respondents’ therefore included 10 head teachers, 100 teachers giving a total of 110 respondents. Questionnaires were used for data collection. Data collected was analysed by the use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 12.0 was and presented in frequencies and percentages and a regression analysis performed to establish the relationships among the variables. The study findings indicated that a considerable number of the teachers (38.9%) indicated that teacher’s own perception of their own profession does not affect the teachers’ job satisfaction and performance. […]

  • Extent of Involvement of Parents in the Identification of Children with Special Needs in Kenya

    The assessment of children with special needs is an important component of SNE. The process of educational assessment involves identification of children with special needs and disabilities, administration of tests and intervention. The Educational Assessment and Resource centers (EARCs) in Kenya are mandated to provide assessment services. The principles of assessment require the involvement of parents in the assessment process.  Preliminary survey on 120 parents from 10 counties whose children had special needs reveals that only 51(43%) parents were involved in the assessment process. The roles of parents include provision of background information; instruction of children during the administration of the tests and training children after assessment. What is unknown is the extent of parental involvement in the assessment process at the EARCs in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to establish the extent of parental involvement in the identification of children with special needs in Kenya. The objectives of the study were to; examine the involvement of parents in the identification of children with special needs. The study employed descriptive survey research design. The target population was 47 assessment teachers, 94 parents of children assessed and 47 parents of children to be assessed from 47 centers in 47 counties in Kenya. Saturated sampling technique was used to select assessment teachers. Purposive sampling was used to select parents of the already assessed children and 41 parents of those to be assessed. Questionnaires, interview guides, observation schedules and document analysis guides were used for data collection. Face and content validity of the instruments were ascertained by experts from the department of Special Needs Education Maseno University. Reliability of the instruments was determined through a pilot study on 10% of the population using test-retest. The acceptable reliability was set at r = 0.70.Quantitative data was analyzed using frequency counts, percentages and mean scores. Qualitative data was organized and reported in an on-going process as themes and sub-themes. The study found out that there was a minimal involvement of parents in the assessment process at the centers in Kenya (M=2.18). The study concluded that assessors with training specifically in assessment were positive in involving parents in the assessment process at the EARCs compared to those who had qualifications in SNE without a specific training in assessment. The study recommends that a certificate or diploma course tailored to train assessors in assessment procedures, assessment techniques, guidance and counseling, referral and placement procedures be introduced at a relevant institution to train only assessors. It is also recommended that a policy on assessment procedures to harmonize assessment services in Kenya be enacted by the government. The research findings may help to improve parental involvement in the assessment process at the EARCs in Kenya. […]

  • Addiction Eradication: A Systematic Approach to Save New Generation

    The article elaborates the menace of Tobacco/drug addiction. Tobacco is considered as the first step towards any drug addiction. Tobacco kills more than tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS and malaria combined. 71% of all Lung cancer deaths are attributable to tobacco use. The proposed “Simplified Addiction Trap Model” highlights the process of addiction. By implementing the suggested low cost model, the addiction can be eradicated in new generation which will ultimately result in total addiction eradication in coming years. &nbs […]

  • Learning for Healthy Food Habit: Avoiding Junk Foods

    Dietary behavior is very important for the growth and development of human beings. Nutritional status of an individual is highly influenced by varied eating patterns. In recent years there is a tendency of excessive intake of dietary fats and sugars in comparison to fruits and vegetables. Especially children and adolescents are getting more and more addicted to junk foods and fast foods and pursuing an unhealthy food habit. The adults have also fallen prey to this menace. The consequences are obesity, various physical and mental complications, learning disorders, etc. This paper is aimed at finding out the actual reasons behind such problem and how it can be solved. Informal and formal learning may have profound effect in this regard. Children, youth and adults need to realize that they are vulnerable to rapidly changing world and have to learn how to cope with it. For this they require continuous building up of practical knowledge, attitude, skills and motivation that will lead them to a healthy lifestyle or healthy living. […]

  • Under-Funding Tertiary Education in Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable National Development

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of government underfunding of tertiary education for sustainable national development in Nigeria. Three research questions and two null hypotheses guided the study. The instrument for data collection was a secondary data from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) entitled “Value of Educational Growth, Gross Domestic Product, Capital Government Expenditure and Recurrent Government Expenditure in Nigeria, 1990-2013”. The period under-review was chosen for the purpose of comparing funding of education in selected World Bank sampled countries. The researcher adopted Ex-post Facto research design to evaluate government budgetary allocation to education and value of educational growth between 1990 to 2013. Correlation Martric and Square Regression (r2) and t-ratio statistics were used to analyze data collected. The findings showed that the value of educational growth, Gross Domestic Product, Current Government Expenditure and Regression Government Expenditure maintained increased trend and there was a positive relationship with a low productive value on education budget. This showed that expenditure on tertiary education is still below other countries under-review and below UNESCO recommended of 26% of total annual budgetary allocation. This has affected education development and programs of tertiary education in Nigeria. There is need for improved budgetary allocation to education in Nigeria to match other developing countries of Africa for greater attention to tertiary institutions in Nigeria. The study recommends that educational administrators and management of tertiary institutions in Nigeria should mount pressure on the political class to address the state of under-funding of education by government and implement UNESCO recommended 26% of annual budgetary allocation for suitable educational development.   &nbs […]

  • Family Factors and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Study of Residential School Children and Rural Government School Children

    The study compares the effects of family factors contributing to the High Academic Achievement of Private Residential School Children and Rural Government School Children. Children studying in selected private residential schools and rural government schools in IX and X classes with highest ranks (first 3-4 ranks) in the previous year were selected. Total sample comprised 240 children, 120 from each setting, 60 from IX class and 60 from X class. An Interview schedule was developed by the investigator for the children to know their perceptions about family contributing factors. The study concluded that children of Private Residential Schools and Rural Government Schools were average and similar in their perceptions regarding parental contributions for their Academic Achievement. High Parental Aspirations Expectations helped in high achievement in both groups but comparatively high in Private Residential School children. Whereas contribution of Siblings Relationship and Assistance of others was high in Rural Government School children and average in Private Residential School children. Coming to the gender and age variations in family contributing factors, there was significantly high parental contributions for Academic Achievement of boys than girls in private Residential schools and higher age group children of Rural Government schools have significantly more parental contribution for their Academic Achievement than lower age group children. Achievement in English was highly positively correlated with family’s Economic status in Private Residential schools. There was significant positive correlation between achievement in mathematics and parental contribution, achievement in science and Parental Aspirations in Rural Government School children. […]

  • Role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Teacher Education

    We are in the era of information where technology plays an important role to transact the information to the needed individuals in the education system. With the implementation of two years B.Ed. Programme, based on the recommendations of the Justice Verma Commission (2012), there has been a paradigm shift from the teacher centred to student-centred in the training of student teachers. There needs a proper propagation of knowledge in education which is possible through communication. ICT is a part of non-verbal form of language which is very effective in communication with respect to educational context. To make the teaching learning effective the responsible teachers should adapt or have positive attitude towards the use of ICT in education system. This makes the teachers comfortable in his/her teaching and can best expect the effective outcomes among the learners. This theoretical paper discusses about the role of ICT in Teacher Education and better transaction of teaching learning process through the use of ICT. […]


  • Analysis of Severe Pain and its Treatment in a Palliative Care Unit in a Regional Cancer Centre

    Objective: Pain is one of the most common symptoms that troubles cancer patients and precludes satisfactory quality of life. Globally, nearly 80% of the cancer patients receive little or no pain medication and cancer pain is barely controlled. This study was done to analyse the prevalence of pain and pain treatment in patients presenting to palliative care unit in a regional cancer centre.Methods: Palliative care registry and follow-up forms of 2142 patients who got registered in our palliative care unit were analysed to obtain the demographic details, treatment characteristics and to determine the prevalence of pain, its severity, and treatment in cancer patients in our regional cancer centre.Results: Nearly 50% of the cancer population had head and neck and gastrointestinal tract malignancies and received only best supportive care. Stage IV disease was found in 40% of patients, and skeletal metastasis (52%) was most common. This study showed a 92.4% prevalence of cancer pain in our centre. About 40% of patients with pain had a pain score of 7-10 by Numerical rating scale on initial presentation to the palliative care unit. About 65% of the patients with severe pain had a response to treatment withmorphine during their first follow-up to palliative care unit after initial registration. The average overall pain score of the patients per visit decreased from around 7 to 4 at a median follow-up of ten months.Significance of results: Thus, there is a high prevalence of pain in cancer patients and patients with severe pain receive little or no opioid medication at all probably due to the lack of adequate education and training to the primary oncologists and residents regarding prescription of strong opioids. This audit may help in the modification of existing and formulation of new policies in the delivery of palliative care. […]

  • Evaluation of Carbon Nanotubes Making Techniques

    After the initial discovery of Carbon Nanotubes in the Grime by electrical discharge, various methods have been developed to produce Carbon Nanotubes. In this study, four more conventional methods for producing Carbon Nanotubes have been evaluated. These include: Electrical arc discharge, Laser ablation, Sedimentation by chemical vapor and HIPco. The last method mentioned is highly regarded in the last few years and it have been produced the subject of many investigations in the field of Carbon Nanotubes. The results of this research show that HIPco production method has ability to supply mass production of Carbon Nanotubes in the future. […]